Hu H, Li ZW & Si JQ (1997). Evidence for the existence of substance P autoreceptor in the membrane of rat dorsal root ganglion neurons. Neuroscience 77(2): 535-541. PMID: 9472409
Substance P, a putative peptide neurotransmitter contained in primary sensory neurons, is suggested to play a major role in nociceptive transmission. In the present study, the existence of substance P autoreceptor in dorsal root ganglion neurons was identified with a method we developed recently and substance P-activated inward current in the dorsal root ganglion neurons and its ionic mechanism were also explored preliminarily. The majority of the cells examined (68/76, 89.5%) were sensitive to external application of substance P (0.01-10 microM) with a concentration-dependent inward current. This current was found to result from the opening of nonselective ion channel, preferring the Na+ channel. The substance P-activated current can be suppressed by Cd2+ (0.05 microM), which suggested Ca2+ may also be involved. Soon after theneurons had been identified to be endowed with substance P receptor with whole-cell patch-clamp technique, 17 cells were chosen for immunocytochemical staining to detect substance P-immunoreactivity. Seven neurons which were classified into small and intermediate size were found to reveal substance P-immunoreactivity. Using this method we have identified the existence of substance P autoreceptor in rat DRGneurons.