Hu H and Li ZW (1997). Modulation of nicotinic ACh-, GABAA-, 5-HT3-receptor functions by external H-7, a protein kinase inhibitor, in rat sensory neurons. Br J Pharmacol 122(6): 1195-1201. PMID: 9401786
1. The effects of external H-7, a potent protein kinase inhibitor, on the responses mediated by gamma-aminobutyric acid A type (GABAA)-,nicotinic acetylcholine (nicotinic ACh)-, ionotropic 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT3)-, adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP)-, N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)- and kainate (KA)-receptors were studied in freshly dissociated rat dorsal root ganglion neurone by use of whole cell patch-clamp technique. 2.External H-7 (1-1000 microM) produced a reversible, dose-dependent inhibition of whole cell currents activated by GABA, ACh and 5-HT. 3. Whole-cell currents evoked by ATP, 2-methylthio-ATP, NMDA and KA were insensitive to external H-7. 4. External H-7 shifted the dose-response curve of GABA-activated currents downward without changing the EC50 significantly (from 15.0 +/- 4.0 microM to 18.0 +/- 5.0 microM). The maximum response to GABA was depressed by 34.0 +/- 5.3%. This inhibitory action of H-7 was voltage-independent. 5. Intracellular application of H-7 (20 microM), cyclic AMP (1 mM) and BAPTA (10 mM) could not reverse the H-7 inhibition of GABA-activated currents. 6. The results suggest thatexternal H-7 selectively and allosterically modulates the functions of GABAA-, nicotine ACh- and 5-HT3 receptors via a common conserved site in the external domain of these receptors.