Hu H and Li ZW (1997). Modulation by adenosine of GABA-activated current in rat dorsal root ganglion neurons. J Physiol (London) 510 ( Pt 1): 67-75. PMID: 9174995
1. The modulation by adenosine of GABA-activated current (IGADA) was studied in freshly isolated rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. 2. In most of the DRG neurons examined (68/90, 75.5%) adenosine (1-10 microM) suppressed IGABA, while in some neurons examined, it potentiated (16/90, 17.8%) IGABA. It exerted no effects on IGABA in a few cells (6/90, 6.7%). 3. Adenosine shifted the GABA concentration-response curve downward with no significant change of the EC50. The maximal response to GABA was suppressed by 29.6 +/- 2.6%. The adenosine-induced inhibition of IGABA showed no voltage dependence. 4. 8-Cyclopentyl-1,3-dimethylxanthine (DPCPX; 1 microM), a selective A1 adenosine receptor antagonist, partially reversed adenosine inhibition of IGABA and completely blocked N6-cyclo-hexyladenosine (CHA; an A1 adenosine receptor agonist) inhibition of IGABA. DPCPX (1 microM) also blocked the suppression of IGABA by 2-chloroadenosine (CADO). CGS21680, a selective A2A adenosine receptor agonist, did not inhibit IGABA and DMPX, a selective A2A adenosinereceptor antagonist, did not prevent adenosine inhibition of IGABA. 5. Intracellular application of H-7 (20 microM; a protein kinase C inhibitor) reversed adenosine inhibition of IGABA while inclusion of cAMP (1 mM), H-9 (20 microM; a protein kinase A inhibitor) and BAPTA (10 mM; a chelator of calcium ions) in the recording pipette did not affect the depression of IGABA by adenosine. IGABA was also suppressed by internal perfusion of PMA, a protein kinase C activator. 6. The results suggest that adenosine, as a neuromodulator, exerts a modulatory effect on the GABA-induced presynaptic inhibition in primary sensory transmission.