Gu Q, Lin RL, Hu H, Zhu MX, Lee LY (2005). 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate stimulates pulmonary C neurons via the activation of TRPV channels. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 288(5): L932-L941. PMID: 15653710


This study was carried out to determine the effect of 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate (2-APB), a common activator of transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV) type 1, 2, and 3 channels, on cardiorespiratory reflexes, pulmonary C fiber afferents, and isolated pulmonary capsaicin-sensitiveneurons. In anesthetized, spontaneously breathing rats, intravenous bolus injection of 2-APB elicited the pulmonary chemoreflex responses, characterized by apnea, bradycardia, and hypotension. After perineural treatment of both cervical vagi with capsaicin to block the conduction of Cfibers, 2-APB no longer evoked any of these reflex responses. In open-chest and artificially ventilated rats, 2-APB evoked an abrupt and intense discharge in vagal pulmonary C fibers in a dose-dependent manner. The stimulation of C fibers by 2-APB was attenuated but not abolished by capsazepine, a selective antagonist of the TRPV1, which completely blocked the response to capsaicin in these C fiber afferents. In isolatedpulmonary capsaicin-sensitive neurons, 2-APB concentration dependently evoked an inward current that was partially inhibited by capsazepine but almost completely abolished by ruthenium red, an effective blocker of all TRPV channels. In conclusion, 2-APB evokes a consistent and distinct stimulatory effect on pulmonary C fibers in vivo and on isolated pulmonary capsaicin-sensitive neurons in vitro. These results establish the functional evidence demonstrating that TRPV1, V2, and V3 channels are expressed on these sensory neurons and their terminals.

 Hongzhen Hu  Hu Lab  PubMed