Kim, H-G., de Guzman, C.G., Swindle, C.S., Cotta, C.V., Gartland, L., Scott, E., Klug, C.A. (2004) The ETS-family transcription factor, PU.1, is necessary for the maintenance of fetal liver hematopoietic stem cells. Blood 104(13):3894-3900. PMID: 15328162.
PU.1 is a member of the ETS family of transcription factors and is required for the development of multiple hematopoietic lineages. PU.1(-/-) mice die from hematopoietic failure at about embryonic day 18.5 (e18.5) and show a complete absence of B cells, mature T cells, and macrophages. This phenotype suggests that PU.1 may function at the level of the hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) or a multilineage progenitor. To investigate the role of PU.1 in the regulation of HSCs, PU.1(-/-) embryos were analyzed at various stages of embryonic development. The absolute number and frequency of HSCs were determined by flow cytometric analysis of c-Kit(+)Thy-1.1(lo)Lin(-)Sca-1(+) (KTLS) cells. We found that KTLS cells were absent or severely reduced in PU.1(-/-) fetal liver from e12.5 to e15.5. Progenitor cells with a c-Kit(+)Lin(-)AA4.1(+) and c-Kit(+)Lin(-)CD34(+) phenotype were also severely reduced. In addition, PU.1(-/-) fetal liver at e14.5 lacked common myeloid progenitors (CMPs) and granulocyte-macrophage progenitors (GMPs) but retained megakaryocyteerythroid progenitors (MEPs). Consistent with the loss of HSC activity, a 10-fold reduction in erythroid progenitors (mature erythroid burst-forming units [BFUEs]) was observed between e14.5 and e16.5. These data suggest that PU.1 plays an important role in the maintenance or expansion of HSC number in murine fetal liver.