Liu S, Hu H, Gao C, Gao N, Wang G, Wang X, Gao X, Xia Y, Wood JD (2003). Actions of cysteinyl leukotrienes in the enteric nervous system of guinea-pig stomach and small intestine. Eur J Pharmacol 459(1): 27-39. PMID: 12505531
Conventional intracellular microelectrodes, neuronal tracer injection techniques and immunohistochemistry were used to study the actions ofcysteinyl leukotrienes (CysLTs) on electrical and synaptic behavior of enteric neurons in guinea-pig stomach and small intestine. Bath application of leukotriene C(4), leukotriene D(4) or leukotriene E(4) evoked a slowly activating depolarizing response in most of the myenteric and submucous plexus neurons in the small intestine while no effect was observed in gastric neurons. The depolarization evoked by cysteinyl leukotrienes in intestinal neurons was associated with increased input resistance and enhanced excitability. Suppression of hyperpolarizing after-potentials occurred in AH type neurons. The depolarizing action of cysteinyl leukotrienes was resistant to tetrodotoxin and cyclooxygenase inhibitors. Neither the CysLT(1) receptor antagonists (E)-3-[[[3-[2-(7-chloro-2-quinolinyl)ethenyl]phenyl][[3-dimethylamino)-3-oxopropyl]thio]methyl]thio]-propanoic acid (MK 571), 1-[2-hydroxy-3-propyl-4-[4-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)butoxy]phenyl]-ethanone (LY 171883) and alpha-pentyl-3-(2-quinolinylmethoxy)-benzenemethanol (REV 5901), nor the dual CysLT(1)/CysLT(2) receptor antagonist 6(R)-(4'-carboxyphenylthio)-5(S)-hydroxy-7(E),9(E),11(Z),14(Z)-eicosatetraenoic acid (BAY u9773) significantly altered the depolarizing action of the cysteinyl leukotrienes. Neurotransmission was unaffected by the cysteinyl leukotrienes. The results suggested involvement of cysteinyl leukotrienes in enteric immuno-neural communication through excitatoryactions on enteric neurons. The receptor mediating these effects was distinct from currently recognized cysteinyl leukotriene receptor subtypes (CysLT(1) and CysLT(2) receptors) and may represent a new receptor subtype.