Liu S, Hu H, Gao C, Gao N, Ren J, Xia Y, Wood JD (2001). Pre- and postsynaptic inhibition by nociceptin in guinea pig small intestinal myenteric plexus in vitro. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 281(1): G237-G246. PMID: 11408277
Actions of nociceptin on electrical and synaptic behavior of morphologically and neurochemically identified neurons in the guinea pig duodenal myenteric plexus were studied with conventional techniques. Nociceptin hyperpolarized the membrane potential in 104 of 121 AH-type and 28 of 51 S-type neurons with an EC(50) of 11.9 +/- 1.2 nM. Increased K(+) conductance accounted for the hyperpolarizing responses that were blocked by pertussis toxin and unaffected by naloxone. The selective opioid receptor-like (ORL)(1) receptor antagonist [Phe(1)-psi(CH(2)-NH)-Gly(2)]nociceptin(1--13)-NH(2) suppressed the nociceptin-evoked responses while behaving like a partial agonist. The nonselective ORL(1) antagonist naloxone benzoylhydrazone competitively suppressed nociceptin actions with a pA(2) value of 5.8. Nociceptin acted at presynaptic inhibitory receptors to suppress fast excitatory nicotinic postsynaptic potentials in 25 of 30 neurons (EC(50) = 22.5 +/- 4.4 nM) and slow synaptic excitation in 38 of 45 neurons (EC(50) = 15.1 +/- 1.6 nM). Presynaptic inhibitory action of nociceptin was unaffected by naloxone and was antagonized by [Phe(1)-psi(CH(2)-NH)-Gly(2)]nociceptin(1--13)-NH(2) or naloxone benzoylhydrazone. The results suggest that nociceptin acts both pre- and postsynaptically by activating an ORL(1) receptor that is distinct from typical naloxone-sensitive opioid receptors.